Unlike most sectors and industries, the construction industry is one that heavily relies upon and uses heavy machinery. Without such equipment, much of the finished projects we see would not exist, and if they did – it would have taken the builders years upon years to complete. At Best Access Doors, we are a supplier of access panels and doors. We understand the importance of having the right tools and equipment to get the job done. Residential or commercial, whatever the needs, we know the importance of being prepared and having the right stuff.
For the new builder or contractor, we share the top 10 types of heavy-duty equipment used in construction.
A widely used piece of equipment, especially in the early stages of a build, is an excavator. What is an excavator? An excavator is heavily used on job-sites where builders and contractors are building from the ground up. They are typically known to excavate, but they can also be used for heavy lifting, demolishing, river dredging and taking down any obstacles or objects that may obstruct the builder from moving forward.
A piece of widely used equipment with multiple functions and uses is the backhoe. The name itself tells that the hoe arrangement is provided on the back side of the vehicle while loading happens in the front.
The backhoe is useful when excavating trenches below ground level. The backhoe can also be used for front-loading, unloading and lifting materials.
The bulldozer is another large piece of construction equipment that is frequently used in soil excavating. Soil excavation is when the top layer of soil is removed - sometimes to a certain level or depth. The bulldozer features a sharp-edged wide metal plate which is then lowered and raised with the use of hydraulic pistons.
Graders or motor graders are a type of equipment found on road constructions. They are commonly used to level the soil evenly - which is essential when it comes to building as a contractor would not want to have an unleveled surface. A grader features a straight blade between the back and front of the machine and is lowered when levelling begins. When it comes to the operation of this heavy machinery, there is an operating cabin which allows the contractor to maneuver the machine and the blades.
Loaders are used in construction to load materials onto dumpers and trucks. Examples of materials that contractors would use a loader for would be, excavated soil, demolition waste, raw materials, or large pieces of construction parts. A loader contains large-sized bucket at its front with a shorter moving arm. What makes the loader a piece of heavy-duty machinery is that it can do the work of wheeled vehicles that may not be able to reach certain parts of the job site. Loaders can either be wheeled or tracked.
When it comes to large projects, especially vertical ones, tower cranes are fixed cranes which are used for hoisting large and heavy objects on the construction of tall structures. Heavy materials like pre-stressed concrete blocks, steel trusses, frames etc. can be easily lifted to the required height using this type of equipment.
They consist of a mast which is the vertical supporting tower, jib which is operating arm of the crane, counter jib which is the other arm carries counterweight on the rear side of the crane and an operator cabin from which the crane can be operated.
Compactors, or as they are also called, rollers are used to compact the material or earth surface. Different types of compactors are available for different compacting purposes.
Smooth wheel rollers are used for compacting shallow layers of soil or asphalt etc. sheep-foot rollers are used for deep compaction purposes. Pneumatic tired rollers are used for compacting fine-grained soils, asphalt layers etc.
Dump trucks are used in construction sites to carry the material in larger quantities from one location to another location or to dispose of them off-site. Generally, in a big construction site, off-road dump trucks are used.
These off-road dump trucks contain large wheels with massive space for materials which enables them to carry vast amounts of material in any type of ground conditions.
Telehandlers, similar to tower cranes, is used for hoisting equipment used in construction. They lift the materials to the necessary height, as well as providing a platform for workers who need to work at a certain height in safety. A telehandler contains a long telescopic boom which can move up and down as well as forward.
A telehandler can also be used with other accessories, such as forklifts, buckets, cabin, lifting jibs etc. can be attached to the end of telescopic boom based on the requirement of the job.
Paver or asphalt paver is pavement laying equipment which is commonly used in road construction. A paver contains a feeding bucket in which asphalt is continuously loaded by a dump truck, and then the paver distributes the asphalt evenly on the road surface while also applying pressure to compact it down. Once the asphalt has been laid down by a paver, it is recommended to use a roller for a smooth finish.
No matter how big or small the project, having the right equipment and tools is essential. For a guide of materials and equipment used on construction sites as well what one needs for a successful job - check us out at www.bestaccessdoors.com/blog